Where is Bitcoin information (wallet.dat) stored on OS X?
Backing up your wallet - Bitcoin Wiki
Groestlcoin September 2019 Development Release/Update!
For a more interactive view of changes, click here In our current world; bordering on financial chaos, with tariff wars, Brexit and hyperinflation rife, you can count on Groestlcoin to consistently produce innovation that strikes to take the power away from the few and into the many, even after a full five and a half years of solid development. Here is what the team has already announced in the last 3 months since the last development update:
Groestl Nodes aims to map out and compare the status of the Groestlcoin mainnet and testnet networks. Even though these networks share the same protocol, there is currently no way to directly compare these coins in a single location. These statistics are essential to evaluate the relative health of both networks.
Shows Onion (Tor) nodes
Shows IPv6 nodes
Supports both main net and test net
Node Checker – Check the status of a remote node
Ability to download node data by CSV, JSON or TXT format
Ability to download unique address data by CSV, JSON or TXT format
This is a tool for creating unsigned raw Groestlcoin transactions and also to verify existing transactions by entering in the transaction hex and converting this to a human-readable format to verify that a transaction is correct before it is signed.
Create Raw Unsigned Groestlcoin transactions
Generates a QR code for the transaction
Compatible with most Groestlcoin wallets including but not restricted to Groestlcoin Core and Electrum-GRS
Estimates final signed transaction size
Taking a raw transaction format and shows its Transaction ID, Transaction Inputs and Outputs
AGCore is an Android app designed to make it easier to run a Groestlcoin Core node on always-on Android appliances such as set-top boxes, Android TVs and repurposed tablets/phones. If you are a non-technical user of Groestlcoin and want an Android app that makes it easy to run a Groestlcoin Core node by acting as a wrapper, then AG Core is the right choice for you.
Update to Groestlcoin Core 2.17.2
Switched to native builds via NDK for Groestlcoin Core resulting in a smaller footprint.
Added embedded tor
Added tor pairing support
TOR upgrade bug fixes
Improved blockchain Sync progress using getblockchaininfo verificationprogress
Improved package download progress bar
Added support for external storage access > Android M
Added support for Android Oreo, including new notification mechanism
Bump Fee (RBF) improvements – Implemented a new fee-bump strategy that can add new inputs, so now any transaction can be fee-bumped. The old strategy was to decrease the value of outputs (starting with change). We will now try the new strategy first, and only use the old as a fallback.
Coin Choser improvements
More likely to construct transactions without change (where possible)
Less likely to construct transactions with really small change
Only spend negative effective value coins when beneficial for privacy
Fix long-standing bug that broke wallets with >65k addresses
Windows binaries: Now build the PyInstaller bootloader ourselves, as this seems to reduce anti-virus false positives
Fix performance regression for large wallets
Fix high-DPI issues related to text fields
Trezor – Allow bypassing 'too old firmware' error
Trezor – Use only the Bridge to scan devices if it is available
Hardware wallets – On Win10-1903, some hardware devices with U2F functionality can only be detected with Administrator privileges. A workaround is to run as Admin, or for Trezor to install the Bridge.
The AppImage Linux x86_64 binary and the Windows setup.exe are now built reproducibly.
Fix watch-only wallets that could not bump fee in some scenarios
Faster transaction signing for segwit inputs or really large transactions.
Groestlwallet is designed to protect you from malware, browser security holes, even physical theft. With AES hardware encryption, app sandboxing, keychain and code signatures, groestlwallet represents a significant security advance over web and desktop wallets, and other mobile platforms. Simplicity is groestlwallet's core design principle. Because groestlwallet is "deterministic", your balance and entire transaction history can be restored from just your recovery phrase.
iOS 0.7.3 Changes
Fix BIP70 payments
Updated QR Scanner
Lowered spending limit
Updated DNS Seeds
Fixed URL Scheme
Fixed GRS Name in mailing
Fixed crash upon starting in some scenarios
Android v89 Changes
Use default fee
Republished on Google Play by removing send_sms permissions
What is a Cryptocurrency Wallet? Use this straightforward guide to learn what a cryptocurrency wallet is, how they work and discover which ones are the best on the market. A cryptocurrency wallet is a software program that stores private and public keys and interacts with various blockchain to enable users to send and receive digital currency and monitor their balance. If you want to use Bitcoin or any other cryptocurrency, you will need to have a digital wallet. How do they work? Millions of people use cryptocurrency wallets, but there is considerable misunderstanding about how they work. Unlike traditional ‘pocket’ wallets, digital wallets don’t store currency. In fact, currencies don’t get stored in any single location or exist anywhere in any physical form. All that exists are records of transactions stored on the blockchain. Cryptocurrency wallets are software programs that store your public and private keys and interface with various blockchain so users can monitor their balance, send money and conduct other operations. When a person sends you bitcoins or any other type of digital currency, they are essentially signing off ownership of the coins to your wallet’s address. To be able to spend those coins and unlock the funds, the private key stored in your wallet must match the public address the currency is assigned to. If public and private keys match, the balance in your digital wallet will increase, and the senders will decrease accordingly. There is no actual exchange of real coins. The transaction is signified merely by a transaction record on the blockchain and a change in balance in your cryptocurrency wallet. What are the different types of Cryptocurrencywallets? There are several types of wallets that provide different ways to store and access your digital currency. Wallets can be broken down into three distinct categories – software, hardware, and paper. Software wallets can be a desktop, mobile or online.
Desktop: wallets are downloaded and installed on a PC or laptop. They are only accessible from the single computer in which they are downloaded. Desktop wallets offer one of the highest levels of security however if your computer is hacked or gets a virus there is the possibility that you may lose all your funds.
Online: wallets run on the cloud and are accessible from any computing device in any location. While they are more convenient to access, online wallets store your private keys online and are controlled by a third party which makes them more vulnerable to hacking attacks and theft.
Mobile: wallets run on an app on your phone and are useful because they can be used anywhere including retail stores. Mobile wallets are usually much smaller and simpler than desktop wallets because of the limited space available on a mobile.
Hardware: wallets differ from software wallets in that they store a user’s private keys on a hardware device like a USB. Although hardware wallets make transactions online, they are stored offline which delivers increased security. Hardware wallets can be compatible with several web interfaces and can support different currencies; it just depends on which one you decide to use. What’s more, making a transaction is easy. Users simply plug in their device to any internet-enabled computer or device, enter a pin, send currency and confirm. Hardware wallets make it possible to easily transact while also keeping your money offline and away from danger.
Paper: wallets are easy to use and provide a very high level of security. While the term paper wallet can simply refer to a physical copy or printout of your public and private keys, it can also refer to a piece of software that is used to securely generate a pair of keys which are then printed. Using a paper wallet is relatively straightforward. Transferring Bitcoin or any other currency to your paper wallet is accomplished by the transfer of funds from your software wallet to the public address shown on your paper wallet. Alternatively, if you want to withdraw or spend currency, all you need to do is transfer funds from your paper wallet to your software wallet. This process, often referred to as ‘sweeping,’ can either be done manually by entering your private keys or by scanning the QR code on the paper wallet.
Are Cryptocurrency wallets secure? Wallets are secure to varying degrees. The level of security depends on the type of wallet you use (desktop, mobile, online, paper, hardware) and the service provider. A web server is an intrinsically riskier environment to keep your currency compared to offline. Online wallets can expose users to possible vulnerabilities in the wallet platform which can be exploited by hackers to steal your funds. Offline wallets, on the other hand, cannot be hacked because they simply aren’t connected to an online network and don’t rely on a third party for security. Although online wallets have proven the most vulnerable and prone to hacking attacks, diligent security precautions need to be implemented and followed when using any wallet. Remember that no matter which wallet you use, losing your private keys will lead you to lose your money. Similarly, if your wallet gets hacked, or you send money to a scammer, there is no way to reclaim lost currency or reverse the transaction. You must take precautions and be very careful!
Backup your wallet. Store only small amounts of currency for everyday use online, on your computer or mobile, keeping the vast majority of your funds in a high security environment. Cold or offline storage options for backup like Ledger Nano or paper or USB will protect you against computer failures and allow you to recover your wallet should it be lost or stolen. It will not, however, protect you against eager hackers. The reality is, if you choose to use an online wallet there are inherent risks that can’t always be protected against.
Update software. Keep your software up to date so that you have the latest security enhancements available. You should regularly update not only your wallet software but also the software on your computer or mobile.
Add extra security layers. The more layers of security, the better. Setting long and complex passwords and ensuring any withdrawal of funds requires a password is a start. Use wallets that have a good reputation and provide extra security layers like two-factor authentication and additional pin code requirements every time a wallet application gets opened. You may also want to consider a wallet that offers multisig transactions like Armory or Copay. A multisig or multi-signature wallet requires the permission of another user or users before a transaction can be made. Multi-currency or single use?
Although Bitcoin is by far the most well-known and popular digital currency, hundreds of newcryptocurrencies (referred to as altcoins) have emerged, each with distinctive ecosystems and infrastructure. If you’re interested in using a variety of cryptocurrencies, the good news is, you don’t need set up a separate wallet for each currency. Instead of using a cryptocurrency wallet that supports a single currency, it may be more convenient to set up a multi-currency wallet which enables you to use several currencies from the same wallet. Are there any transaction fees? There is no straightforward answer here. In general, transaction fees are a tiny fraction of traditional bank fees. Sometimes fees need to be paid for certain types of transactions to network miners as a processing fee, while some transactions don’t have any fee at all. It’s also possible to set your own fee. As a guide, the median transaction size of 226 bytes would result in a fee of 18,080 satoshis or $0.12. In some cases, if you choose to set a low fee, your transaction may get low priority, and you might have to wait hours or even days for the transaction to get confirmed. If you need your transaction completed and confirmed promptly, then you might need to increase the amount you’re willing to pay. Whatever wallet you end up using, transaction fees are not something you should worry about. You will either pay minuscule transaction fees, choose your own fees or pay no fees at all. A definite improvement from the past! Are cryptocurrency wallets anonymous? Kind of, but not really. Wallets are pseudonymous. While wallets aren’t tied to the actual identity of a user, all transactions are stored publicly and permanently on the blockchain. Your name or personal street address won’t be there, but data like your wallet address could be traced to your identity in a number of ways. While there are efforts underway to make anonymity and privacy easier to achieve, there are obvious downsides to full anonymity. Check out the DarkWallet project that is looking to beef up privacy and anonymity through stealth addresses and coin mixing. Which Cryptocurrency wallet is the best? There is an ever-growing list of options. Before picking a wallet, you should, however, consider how you intend to use it.
Do you need a wallet for everyday purchases or just buying and holding digital currency for an investment?
Do you plan to use several currencies or one single currency?
Do you require access to your digital wallet from anywhere or only from home?
Take some time to assess your requirements and then choose the most suitable wallet for you.
Bread Wallet Bread Wallet is a simple mobile Bitcoin digital wallet that makes sending bitcoins as easy as sending an email. The wallet can be downloaded from the App Store or Google Play. Bread Wallet offers a standalone client, so there is no server to use when sending or receiving bitcoins. That means users can access their money and are in full control of their funds at all times. Overall, Bread Wallet’s clean interface, lightweight design and commitment to continually improve security, make the application safe, fast and a pleasure to use for both beginners and experienced users alike.
Pros: Good privacy & security, beginner friendly, simple & clean, open source software, free.
Cons: No web or desktop interface, lacks features, hot wallet.
Mycelium Advanced users searching for a Bitcoin mobile digital wallet, should look no further than mycelium. The Mycelium mobile wallet allows iPhone and Android users to send and receive bitcoins and keep complete control over bitcoins. No third party can freeze or lose your funds! With enterprise-level security superior to most other apps and features like cold storage and encrypted PDF backups, an integrated QR-code scanner, a local trading marketplace and secure chat amongst others, you can understand why Mycelium has long been regarded as one of the best wallets on the market.
Pros: Good privacy, advanced security, feature-rich, open source software, free
Cons: No web or desktop interface, hot wallet, not for beginners
Exodus Exodus is a relatively new and unknown digital wallet that is currently only available on the desktop. It enables the storage and trading of Bitcoin, Ether, Litecoins, Dogecoins and Dash through an incredibly easy to use, intuitive and beautiful interface. Exodus also offers a very simple guide to backup your wallet. One of the great things about Exodus is that it has a built-in shapeshift exchange that allows users to trade altcoins for bitcoins and vice versa without leaving the wallet.
Pros: Good privacy & security, beginner friendly, intuitive, easy to use, in-wallet trading, supports multiple currencies, open source software, free.
Cons: Hot wallet, no web interface or mobile app
Copay Created by Bitpay, Copay is one of the best digital wallets on the market. If you’re looking for convenience, Copay is easily accessed through a user-friendly interface on desktop, mobile or online. One of the best things about Copay is that it’s a multi-signature wallet so friends or business partners can share funds. Overall, Copay has something for everyone. It’s simple enough for entry-level users but has plenty of additional geeky features that will impress more experienced players as well.
Pros: Good privacy & security, multisig transactions, multiple platforms & devices, multiple wallet storage, beginner friendly, open source software, free
Cons: Can be slow & unresponsive, limited user support
Jaxx Jaxx is a multi-currency Ether, Ether Classic, Dash, DAO, Litecoin, REP, Zcash, Rootstock, Bitcoin wallet and user interface. Jaxx has been designed to deliver a smooth Bitcoin and Ethereum experience. It is available on a variety of platforms and devices (Windows, Linux, Chrome, Firefox, OSX, Android mobile & tablet, iOS mobile & tablet) and connects with websites through Firefox and Chrome extensions. Jaxx allows in wallet conversion between Bitcoin, Ether and DAO tokens via Shapeshift and the import of Ethereum paper wallets. With an array of features and the continual integration of new currencies, Jaxx is an excellent choice for those who require a multi-currency wallet.
Pros: Good privacy & security, Multi-currency, wallet linking across multiple platforms, great user support, feature rich, user-friendly, free.
Cons: Code is not open source, can be slow to load
Armory Armory is an open source Bitcoin desktop wallet perfect for experienced users that place emphasis on security. Some of Armory’s features include cold storage, multi-signature transactions, one-time printable backups, multiple wallets interface, GPU-resistant wallet encryption, key importing, key sweeping and more. Although Armory takes a little while to understand and use to it’s full potential, it’s a great option for more tech-savvy bitcoiners looking to keep their funds safe and secure.
Pros: Good privacy, great security features, multi-signature options, solid cold storage options, free.
Cons: Only accessible via the desktop client, not for beginners. Trezor
Trezor is a hardware Bitcoin wallet that is ideal for storing large amounts of bitcoins. Trezor cannot be infected by malware and never exposes your private keys which make it as safe as holding traditional paper money. Trezor is open source and transparent, with all technical decisions benefiting from wider community consultation. It’s easy to use, has an intuitive interface and is Windows, OS X and Linux friendly. One of the few downsides of the Trezor wallet is that it must be with you to send bitcoins. This, therefore, makes Trezor best for inactive savers, investors or people who want to keep large amounts of Bitcoin highly secure.
Pros: Good security & privacy, cold storage, easy to use a web interface, in-built screen, open source software, beginner friendly.
Cons: Costs $99, must have device to send bitcoins
Ledger Nano The Ledger Wallet Nano is a new hierarchical deterministic multisig hardware wallet for bitcoin users that aims to eliminate a number of attack vectors through the use of a second security layer. This tech-heavy description does not mean much to the average consumer, though, which is why I am going to explain it in plain language, describing what makes the Ledger Wallet Nano tick. In terms of hardware, the Ledger Wallet Nano is a compact USB device based on a smart card. It is roughly the size of a small flash drive, measuring 39 x 13 x 4mm (1.53 x 0.51 x 0.16in) and weighing in at just 5.9g. Pros:
Screen/device protected by metal swivel cover
3rd-Party apps can run from device
When recovering wallet from seed, the whole process can be done from the device without even connecting it to a computer!
Fairly inexpensive (~$65 USD)
Not as advanced wallet software (no transaction labeling)
No ability to create hidden accounts
No password manager
Green Address Green Address is a user-friendly Bitcoin wallet that’s an excellent choice for beginners. Green Address is accessible via desktop, online or mobile with apps available for Chrome, iOS, and Android. Features include multi-signature addresses & two-factor authentications for enhanced security, paper wallet backup, and instant transaction confirmation. A downside is that Green Address is required to approve all payments, so you do not have full control over your spending
Cons: Hot wallet, average privacy, the third party must approve payments.
Blockchain (dot) info Blockchain is one of the most popular Bitcoin wallets. Accessing this wallet can be done from any browser or smartphone. Blockchain.info provides two different additional layers. For the browser version, users can enable two-factor authentication, while mobile users can activate a pin code requirement every time the wallet application is opened. Although your wallet will be stored online and all transactions will need to go through the company’s servers, Blockchain.info does not have access to your private keys. Overall, this is a well-established company that is trusted throughout the Bitcoin community and makes for a solid wallet to keep your currency.
Pros: Good security, easy to use web & mobile interface, well-known & trusted company, beginner friendly, free.
Cons: Hot wallet, weak privacy, third party trust required, has experienced outages.
Can we get a sticky with BCH/BCC resources and answers?
For example, I'd love to find a OSX wallet for BCH but the only one I've found so far is Electron Cash which is crashing (submitted report on Github). I am always weary of online wallets and would like to run something local. None the less, as one of the defacto locations of BCH information it seems fairly reasonable to have a sticky or special FAQ to provide these kinds of specifics for BCH. Using the wiki I am directed to bitcoin.com which doesnt differentiate between wallet options and has wallet options listed like Coinbase (seriously?). Hard to take that as a reference site when an online wallet where you hold no keys is listed. Even going that route, the Wiki and FAQ are severely missing BCH information. Is there a plan to update this? At least to give some basic answers like getting BCH out of BTC wallets, etc.
---> CREDITS CRYPTOCURRENCY CRED CX : JULY - AUGUST COMMUNITY UPDATES AND RUNNING ANALYSIS
https://new.reddit.com/CreditsCryptocurrency/comments/937w1n/we_need_to_talk_about_credits_llc_re_cfo/ We entered into August 2018 now a full 7 months after the launch of Cred CX @ Credits.Energy As the jingle goes we have been hearing "Credits Cryptocurrency, Supports Green Energy" Many are only waiting to have an exchange listing.... Many are questioning what they really have received after they paid for their Cred CX coins. Most do not know they are still waiting for an actual Cred CX cryptocurrency coin. If you read this I hope it will help educate some on matters of a cryptocurrency the one in review here is based upon cryptonote - The most popular cryptocurrency like Cred CX is Monero. I would go over the last 7 months but there is little to Report. So little to report that Credits has not released a much anticipated end of July update as they did with the end of June. The end of June report was mostly about challenges and future or forward thinking and goals. Nothing in the way of a verifiable blockchain / coin. Some ICO fundamentals: ~Dollars and Cents~ How well did the pre ICO and ICO and Now crowd sales do from a financial perspective is not clear to to purchasers and or investors alike. The only thing I find is that in a May 2018 they edited the timeline infograph they ~ failed to reach the softcap of 100 million Cred CX sold. They have subsequently said that they have exceeded the softcap but have not made known a hard cap, nor do we know how many Cred CX where purchased as of this date. As well they also have not published any official figures from their corporate offices regarding bonuses, incentives, airdrops or other distributions etc. This in addition to corporate distribution among themselves and their stake or holdings, the company, and what appears to be a un published foundation or "entity", there are no details about any such entity as of yet in our knowledge. Perhaps the whitepaper plans have changed again with out noting public revisions. We do know that they are still taking orders for Cred CX and are reportedly going to "explore" merchant account options. July saw Paypal suspended on Credits.Energy website. Another red flag. Our analysis leads us to think it went something like this... Read the following:https://www.reddit.com/CryptoCurrency/comments/7zkzjz/go_fuck_yourself_paypal/ Hello xxxxx, We are writing to you in regards to your PayPal Account. PayPal appreciates that you have chosen us to accept payments for your business. A periodic review of your account shows that you are cryptocurrency trading using PayPal. However, unfortunately we have determined there to be excessive risk involved with the business model that you engaged in using PayPal. While we wish you the best of success in your future business endeavors, we respectfully ask that you seek another method of payment for the online business. Your remaining balance will be held in your PayPal account for 180 days from the date your account was limited. After 180 days, you will be notified via email with information on how to receive your remaining funds. We deeply regret any inconvenience this matter may cause you. Sincerely, PayPal Compliance Department PayPal" ^^The above was of an IOTA trader a well established coin. Cash is still king with this ICO it appears. Looking at their past known published crypto addresses used at some time over the last 7 months to receive crypto payments for orders of Cred CX it reveals "nominal" volumes. The current address advertised shows zero activity for in puts and out puts at the time of this writing. I it is another cleaning of the crypto slate as it where. No update notification has been given of the change on social media other than now perhaps here. By publishing the explorer to their adresses and hashes here I am not promoting anything. You can explore them here: Bitcoin: https://www.blockchain.com/btc/address/1JFz4UHRrsKnL5aGj5V87FxFz7RxAmDJ3m?sort=0 Ethereum: https://etherscan.io/address/0x8ca65a6e0839ea2de06e0741b6325b9629eff928 With out the public having kept track of previously published address one would not know that they raised anything via crypto during this ICO and the pre ICO based on currently available data. Please see this post for IMPORTANT INFORMATION: https://new.reddit.com/CreditsCryptocurrency/comments/937w1n/we_need_to_talk_about_credits_llc_re_cfo/ ~ EXCHANGE LISTING/S ~ There is no data to reference as to who Credits llc has been in talks with or what applications they have submitted to whom. They say that is what they are doing still. Acceptance is reported to have been granted by two exchanges as to why thy have not taken the listing offer and acted upon it until now is not clear at all. They have said they want to get it just right and the coin was not ready for release and others agreed. I am presuming that includes exchanges feedback, with out comments on the acceptance and negotiating there is nothing definitive I can find to clarify anything re exchange listings chatter. The exchange listing seems to be the number one question with Cred CX owners. ~CODE~ We did not see any new code commits to the official github. Reginald Gaines created the first cryptonote fork 2 years ago. Forked from Appinvestocred and is found here: https://github.com/CreditsCryptocurrency/cred-1 Appinvestor Reginald Gaines aka Appinvestor a seemingly abandoned github account that points to a now defunct domain and email, attached to a Business "AppInvestor.Co Inc" Seattle Wa USA [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) http://www.appinvestor.co/ We do see the blockchain project for Cred CX "CRED-1" was updated 6 months ago on or about the time Reginald Gaines was last known to be developing for Credits LLC. Reginald Gaines was known by me to have been paid by the founders based on past phone conversations, In fact I advised founder Luke to cut him loose as he was at the time failing to deliver as contracted and development of the blockchain rested solely with him. He was holding the project up and I advised Luke to not be held hostage by a prepaid contractor and take the loss and move on quickly. Last conversation I had with him about it in Feb 2018 he reported to me that he had candidates lined up to replace him. Mobile apps: Bidhan Baral Co founder of Technojagat.com is said to be responsible for the android and iOS apps. We are not certain that what Bidhan and or others @ Credits in collaboration have released is a cryptocurrency / blockchain wallet. On Andorid the back end is served by firebase.google.com Firebase is built on Google infrastructure and scales automatically, for even the largest apps. Firebase is not a open distributed ledger aka blockchain. Credits plans to include a credits run private (in app) auth network in tandem with an actual open distributed ledger. How they have implemented this is unknown. App Store Preview gives it a 5 out of 5 out of 8 Ratings currently. The current progress report is minor setbacks re the mobile miner. No reports on any Windows, Mac, Linux wallets, or mining pools. As for as we know there is no published list of mining nodes or if code exist for "testnet" and or actual mining. We have seen no community activity among miners to create their own pools to Mine Cred CX and there are literally billions that need to be mined. What kind of computing infrastructure is Cred CX relying on in the future or have already deployed the blockchain on, who are the service providers, they are part and parcel to a healthy "ecosystem" who are the supply partners? I am not convinced that withholding details about logical questions asked of a blockchain company start up, or not, is good for business. The current advertised CTO @ Credits.energy is Justin Farmer, he has a previous private relationship with Rick Floyd CEO before both of them came to Credits.energy executive team. He has been the chief technical officer according to the website since approx mid March of 2018...? Justin's code developments or those of others he is in charge of as CTO appear to be one of the most closely guarded secrets about Credits LLC's coin Cred CX's development, just as much as fundraising data and operations. Although this is not a secret many people do not know about the webwallet (https://wallet.credits.energy/) that is believe to be in part coded by Justin and Bindam. There are no verifiable details know to me. It is the code that I can reference as proof of development and evidence of an accomplishment task as set forth in the companies whitepaper... We do not beieve it is a webinterface to an actual blockchain but the same corporate ledger as is found in firebase.google.com that drives the android app. Why Credits LLC Cred CX did not update github over most of the life of this opensource code based project has no official explanation as far as we are aware. Why they have not released where the development logs and code are is a mystery to us. We have to presume that there are in fact those things some where. Both developmentally as is financially this companies ICO has been anything but transparent where it matters most. Lastly on the subject of this topic heading is Steven Crider the Sr. Product Analyst is hoped to be in a position to provide his analysis on the product. ~GREEN ENERGY~ "Kendra" highlights the relationship between Credits (CRED - CX) and renewable energy. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YjSKSKMeK0k - Published on 2 May 2018 ^^That is pretty much all of what some know regarding aabout Cred CX and how it support green energy. Last know relationship building with green energy groups was focused on Denver area associations. A Missed speaking engagement. Former acting CEO and Credits LLC's founder Mr. Ingraham was said to have be confirmed as speaking on March 13th at Solar Power Mountain West about how Credits LLC via Cred CX is incorporating blockchain technology into the renewable energy sector. Mr. Ingraham was not able to attend that conference @ Colorado Solar Energy Industries Association (COSEIA). Since that time there has been no updates regarding green energy relationships or building a community of interested parties in the purported solar energy project on the outskirts of Denver Colorado. With out a doubt the real world clean or green energy producing project is the most significantly complex and challenging part for Credits LLC and it's Cryptocurrency with a purpose . It seems that Jared Wells has the best publicly documented insight on how credits is actually thinking in part what they are achieving in what can be called a Green energy Cypto Currency - A Crypto with a purpose. "Credits.Energy, the “crypto with a mobile mining app that supports green energy,” aims to virtually eliminate the cost of supporting renewable energy. We asked Credits.Energy COO, Jared Wells, to explain what the current barri-ers to entry are in the renewable energy market: “Mainstream adoption of solar and wind power is all about efficiency. Obviously, if I put a solar panel on my house, I need batteries to harness that power overnight, charge controllers to manage wattage and voltage, and a way to integrate that energy into the power system. These same basic components are required whether you have 1 panel or 400 panels . . . 1 turbine or 50 turbines. . . . So while the overall cost per watt in the solar and wind power har-nessing platform decreases incrementally by increasing the number of generation components involved in the sys-tem, it is inversely more expensive per unit of electricity to implement the smaller scale systems that can be afford-ed by an individual homeowner. In addition to that, there are so many people who live in leased or rented housing and are unable to attach solar panels or wind generators to their residences or who maybe just can’t afford to have their own system.... Credits.Energy intends to resolve this problem by allowing for simple purchasing and management of the CRED cryp-tocurrency token through their intuitive website and mobile applications. " Source: https://cryptogo.news/2018/04/21/pr-green-energy-crypto-credits-energy-ico-is-now-live/ Google search: Credits.Energy ICO is now live Jared wells As it is with the CEO, CFO, CTO, and Developers, Operations @ Credits has very little shared data on the strides taken to invest into a green energy project/s on the outskirts of Denver Colorado. The location of the Solar Project remains undisclosed. There has been no comments by the COO Jared or press releases with regards to acquisitions, investment or strategic partnerships with any Green energy related entities to date. Participants in this ICO who participated based on the green energy components are due for a long anticipated report on how their investment and purchases have contributed to green energy, the environment and how it has helped the Cred CX ecosystem" and various charities. ~Community and Ecosystem~ Other than this reddit and the Facebook & Twitter pages Credits does not have a perceptible community. Some cryptonote forks attract anaon coin investors, cryptopunks, miners etc. As there is know known blockchain and wallet / node / miner for Cred CX it is no surprise they have not joined our ranks as of yet. There is always the future. Adoption and traction take time and delivering open source software tools to the community to create an ecosystem / auth network and mine the coins as reward for participation in the auth network. Potentially billions and billions of of hashes waiting to make this a viable anaon coin. As for Ecosystem there is none that we can speak of. One can use the apps or webwallet to send and receive in app tokens. The functionality is only extended to include the ability to send a one line note. We have not tested to see what is the character limit is or if it is encrypted and will be recorded on the immutable open ledger. So as a community, or one on one, holders I suppose could use it as a message or note app. It would "cost" you 1 Cred CX per as many characters you can write in the line space provided. Although Cred CX is as said as being based on cryptonotes cryptonight algorithm it shares the note feature. XDN has built a solid cryptonote enterprise on this one feature. Cred CX is it's sibling technically speaking. "DigitalNote XDN is a decentralized private cryptocurrency. It is based on CryptoNote anonymous technology and has a unique untraceable encrypted messaging system with blockchain based staking for a defined period." https://digitalnote.biz/ There is always a bright side and we hope Cred CX will come into that as soon as is possible. DigitalNote XDN had a name change and a history that had it reinvent it's self several times... About DigitalNote XDN Formerly known as DarkNote XDN Formerly known as duckNote XDN As you can see they have had some stormy seas and needing to "right the ship". The question is how is Cred CX navigating those waters? "May 30, 2014 — day of the first XDN block" We have been long waiting and anticipating the announcement of Cred CX first block announcement. With a new cryptocurrency the first block mined is like the fist minting of a new coin in metal. It is generally a celebrated event and anniversary date. Accounts... It is unclear how one deletes or closes out their accounts. Example in the case of refunds. Do you send them back their Cred CX using the convenient email address feature they sent it from and use the Note space to file an invoice / refund? After that is settled how does one close the account out for good. How does one close an account or in cypto speak burn their coins with proof (on the open blockchain). Not being able to transfer off app has left Cred CX use limited to, limited in app only functionality. I have not ever seen any press or pr promoting this feature alone. A community of testers would have really helped. No group feed back forum was used including this the reddit group. That leads us to... ~ PR / IR / Social Media ~ Very little evidence of a concerted social media campaign/s Relative new comer to the Credit's team is Torin Tostanoski the "Social Media Strategist". The strategy seems to be that less is more in the way of social media and customer relations / support. As was pointed out to me in analysis of this aspect of this ICO was that one could have looked at the youtube channel and some have said it speaks volumes perhaps even enough to make an informed decision to pass on Cred CX - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UChi2qFyDx5mynP52lTjDRLQ Stats Joined Jan 16, 2018 162 views 0 Comments VIDEOS: Uploads 1 title "Credits Cryptocurrency & Platform" 162 views 6 months ago It appears to be abandoned. Rick Floyd has a youtube Chanel set up for credits but the original "official" youtube account is inactive for over 6 months now.... Bitcointalk.org - Good news they created a Topic for Cred CX there. A powerful creditable account and community to have a voice in as an ICO, trader, miner. Minimal activity on the content and any substantial information shared has given no cause for exposure to arguably an ICO's best source of support in all things cryptocurrency. It is a market place for ideas and collaboration as well as investment and traders. See: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=3086671.20 Most PR was done in the form of paid for press releases and they where picked up and syndicated on crypto centric investments aka ICO's and technology blogs. I do not know of the effectiveness of the paid adwords and facebook ads. Facebook delivered a blow to all ICO's this year with a change in policy. Many holders of Cred CX are baffled by the choice to not improve Credits social media presence and reach. As it is, it remains a decidedly non communicative, non transparent ICO on this front as well. With some issues in its executive ranks, lacklustre ICO participation, and very little to report regarding progress some might think it not surprising to have a policy that seems to be based on one of silence is golden. ~WHERE ARE WE AT?~ The issue is at this point very, very, basic: Where are our cryptonote blockchain tokens / coined as Cred CX? What many holders in the public do not know is they do not need an exchange or mobile app with a mobile miner to hold the coins and exchange them. We have yet to see code written by them for the actual blockchain. There are mobile apps and a webwallet. OK. Where are Windows, OSX, and Linux wallets and miners? Where are Cred CX testnet/s? and the credits internal node network? Who has been recruiting or building a mining pool? This reddit should be abuzz with posts about such things and @ Bitcointalk.org The last update on twitter after a full calendar month of no updates @ credits.energy we hear that there are minor set backs and re the mobile mining feature. That could very well may be. It is understandable to have compliance issues both technical and policy, to not ever reference technical or policy data is a red flag for many. It also does not explain why a mobile platform with an off app network cannot not give us our hashes, our coins on an immutable ledger aka blockchain. Cred CX Cryptocurrency a cryptonote fork is an anonymous coin by default. Transactions on the apps and on credits internal auth network are not truly anon, and require the public open blockchain for distributed off credits network authentications of transactions for them to be so. We have not been given it. When looking at credchain.org (<--- Hint the foundation that is or is not?) it redirects to credits.energy. The chain explorer is not publicly active nor is the source code for anything as far as we can see other than the github - Last updated 6 months ago... It is a fork (a copy for those who might not know what a fork is) - no development code or update to or of code have been committed to the projects opensource software repository as advertised on the website. How is the premine going? Is it started or over? Where are the cryptonotes coined and mined as Cred CX? Do I need a mobile app with mining features to use my cryptonote wallet, no, no one does. So if a "feature" is what the project hangs on that is a red flag. A quick way Cred CX could be made viable and live right now is like this: MyMonero is the only web wallet for Monero. It is operated and owned by Riccardo Spagni, who is one of the lead Monero developers. The wallet works like any account. You create an account and can login online to access your funds. MyMonero only encrypts your keys and stores the data on its servers. It cannot access your funds. See https://mymonero.com/ for a live example Monero Desktop Wallet The best and only Monero desktop wallet is the official client which is a full node. It can be downloaded from the official Monero website. Credits position: "...crypto with a mobile mining app..." A Crypto. A mobile mining app. One does not need a mobile mining "feature" in an app for there to be a coin or crypto wallet, in fact it is quite the opposite in certain respects. "Technicalities" --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- So set backs as of August 2018... We have no progress reports we just have our own ongoing independent analysis. I hope this has been helpful to the community. Your feed back is welcomed. If you have questions or concerns feel free to post here. Start a new topic. I am certain there are other things people can share here that would be of a benefit to the community as small as it may be at the moment. Supporters and fans of Cred CX are welcomed to share what good news the have and what inspires their enthusiasm and support for Cred CX. COME WAVE THE GREEN FLAGS FOR CRED (CX) We are looking into sponsoring a Cred CX airdrop and give aways! Tell your Friends :-) We hope for the best and truly want to see the CRED CX coin succeed "Stay tuned" here for more in depth reports and analysis on (Cred) (CX) John
So I've been considering my options for creating a secure wallet for BTC savings storage. I've created a bootable OSX USB install and set up the Bitcoin core client on there. I'm planning to boot into this fresh install with the MacBook d/c from all network connectivity. I'll fire up Bitcoin-QT and create a new wallet.dat. After noting the recieving address, I'll copy the wallet.dat to a password protected 256bit encrypted Apple DMG image file. Once safely locked up, I'll put the DMG onto 2 or 3 separate USB sticks to be stored in various locations. Delete all traces of the process from the live install, and I'm done. I had considered sending a copy of the DMG to my web based email. It's protected by 2FA. Do you guys think this is a wise idea? It'd break the true cold nature of the storage, but if I ever had to leave the country or I lost my USB sticks, it'd be a lifeline. Pros and cons. What are your thoughts? I'm also interested in any tips you guys might have for setting, storing and managing passwords. To date, my passwords generally exist inside my head. Recently I've become concerned about the possibility of taking a bump on the head, and being unable to remember my passwords! A very hypothetical circumstance of course, but stranger things have happened. What do you guys think ?
Bitcoin Core doesn't create a default folder for my wallet.dat....So how can I import my long-lost-but-found wallet.dat?
Found a long-lost wallet.dat file. I've downloaded the blockchain on BitcoinCore/Bitcoin-QT, which I originally used to get some BTC many years ago. Trying to get this wallet.dat into my freshly-downloaded BitcoinCore, but not finding any default save locations. Other threads have mentioned to just overwrite the default wallet.dat, but there isn't one. I'm running OSX. Others have mentioned looking in the Users/Library/... folder, but it's not there. Thanks in advance! Levorg
Link to all my other Bitcoin Guides NOTE:If you decide this is too complicated for you; web wallets like coinbase have an offline storage option for bitcoins that is in all likelyhood probably a totally safe and viable option for general users. If you really can't understand this, I recommend simply using their cold storage option. Here is my step-by-step guide on Bitcoin cold storage, or at least the method I use. I recommend starting by first reading my Cold Storage Concepts Guide as otherwise you may not understand some of these steps. What we’re doing is actually very simple and straightforward, but unfortunately looks a lot more complicated than it is. This guide is for anyone who has a large amount of bitcoins and wants to store them securely for a large amount of time, instead of relying on third party wallets like blockchain.info or coinbase.com who might be compromised down the line at some point. Note that I use OSX and other apple devices so unfortunately this guide is biased for those using apple… please don’t flame me. Alternatives exist for everything I list here for both Windows and Linux, just post if you get stuck I’m sure someone will help you. There are many approaches you can take to cold storage, and the methods you use will depend on the level of paranoia you have and the degree of security you need, but this method will work for around 99% of people. I welcome any and all feedback, and I encourage anyone intending to use this to read comments below to get second opinions. YOU WILL NEED
5 normal 6-sided Dice (note: physical dice only! Do not use software!)
A trustworthy electronic device capable of using bitaddress.org (I recommend using an non-jailbroken iPad or iPhone)
Download a QR reader app
A copy of the Diceware password generation list, either on paper or on a separate screen
Pen/pencil and relatively strong paper.
Disk Utility, or other software to create encrypted drives
Dropbox account, Apple’s upcoming iCloud storage, or a relatively trustworthy long term network storage
A physical long term storage location, preferably in or near your house.
Some notes on requirements: We use 5 dice minimum as otherwise it will take you forever to generate passphrases, the better quality the dice and the more you have the quicker you can make passphrases. I recommend using iPads or iPhones because to my knowledge they are more secure than android in terms of viruses/malware (someone in the comments will no doubt correct me on this though). Alternatively you can buy a cheap laptop and brand new hard drive. On to generating the cold storage addresses! I’ve made extra notes at the bottom for more detail. COLD STORAGE METHOD
Lock yourself in your room, gather your things and make sure no-one is going to disturb you.
Get your dice and your diceware list. Roll 5 dice, look up the password and write it down. Repeat this at least 8 times to generate a passphrase for each cold storage address you want to make.
Write these down on a piece of paper as clearly and neatly as you can.
Take your iPad or other device and connect to the internet. Google ‘bitaddress’ and go to the top link (1).
Once you have loaded the bitaddress website, disconnect from the internet.
Click on the ‘brain wallet’ tab. (4)
Carefully and checking it over three times, enter each of your 8 word or more diceware passphrases, and click ‘generate address’.
Be careful that autocorrect didn’t change any of your diceware words
Generate a further 4 or 5 word passphrase that will be used as your ‘Master Key’
Take a screenshot of all of these addresses. On iOS devices this is easily done via the Home+Power buttons.
Close the Bitaddress website on your device, purge your internet history, cookies, etc.
On your laptop, disconnect from the internet and create an encrypted drive. Here’s how to do that in Disk Utility.
Make sure this drive is password protected with your Master Key from step 8.
Transfer screenshots of all of your cold storage addresses from your trusted device to the encrypted drive.
Triple check this worked, then delete all screenshots from your trusted device.
Use a QR reader to scan the PUBLIC addresses of all your cold storage addresses. Save these in your notes or email them to yourself (2)
Unmount the encrypted drive. Take this drive and put it on your dropbox folder or other network hard drive.
Reconnect to the internet on your computer and sync with dropbox or other service.
Take your piece of paper with your diceware passphrases on it and store it somewhere securely (3)
Go to your active bitcoin wallet, and send your bitcoins to cold storage. Congratulations, they are now secure.
Now a few things about what we did. We saved 2 copies of our cold storage private keys (the piece of paper, and the encrypted drive); this means if your whole house burns down then you still have a copy of your private keys in the cloud. If you forget your master key password, then you still have a physical copy in your house as a backup. We encrypted the drive so that anyone who gains access to your dropbox won’t be able to open it. You could even keep several copies of this encrypted drive spread over several locations and computers and it will still be safe. If anyone somehow finds your piece of paper, they will only see a list of random words and won’t necessarily know what it’s for (unless you leave detailed instructions or the word ‘bitcoin’ on it..!). You also used diceware so your passphrases are completely random so no-one can guess them, and in fact are almost as strong as the cryptography in Bitcoin itself. Also, it was easier to write down 8 english words than a random sequence of 1-6's so there's less of a chance you wrote down your passphrases incorrectly. To get your bitcoins out of cold storage, just scan the private key into your hot wallet, or re-generate the private keys from the diceware phrases you wrote down. (1) this prevents you from mis-typing the address and getting a phishing page. (2) We use a QR reader because this prevents writing the public keys down incorrectly. (3) i.e. a safe, or inside a book in your library, on the back of a family picture that doesn’t get moved much. Spend some time thinking about how you want to approach this. (4) You may have heard brain wallets aren't safe... this is not true. Only a non random brainwallet is unsafe (like one made from song lyrics), but since we generated our passphrases with dice they are random and the brainwallet is secure.
Hey guys, it's your boy Takedownman with more bullshit from the deep web making up stuff so I don't have to get a real job... Clears throat So a couple of months ago I came across this screenshot on an unsavoury forum of a site claiming to sell human hunting for sport. Unlike Vice briefly thought, I do not believe for one second this is real. I swear if this ends up on one of Takedownman's video's I will go crazy. Anyhow, here we go: https://i.imgur.com/zDBDE9F.png https://i.imgur.com/5IMKPdX.png (un-edited NSFW version) Let's type up some of the text so it's easier to analyse and so people can find this thread via google in the future.
Background: Mac OSX running Tor for Mac
Address bar: Running AOL instant messenger - seriously? VLC, Vuze bittorrent client. I guess piracy leads to human trafficking. The MPAA were right!
URL: Obscurated, Examining the fonts use, I consider it plausible that a 15-16 character .onion address is hidden there, rather than a mismatch
Tab: Says 'View forum - Pla...' - not enough info to guess what Pla, Play? might be
Forum Software: I didn't bother looking into this one, but I'll hazard a guess at Vbulletin
Forum structure apparently has a 'verified sellers' forum, common with forum based carding sites and older darknet markets. Text:
Dark Desires Remember, strickly[sic] a middleman. You pay for contact information only
MKULTRA Sex Slave Handler Contract price $50 000 Package details Monarch Information Type: Juliet Gender: Female Age: 39 Nationality: German Ethnicity: Indo-European Skin color: White Hair color: Blond Eye color: Brown Length: 1.83cm
Clearly English is not their first language. Perhaps they were long on the marijuana when they wrote this?
Weight: 58kg Body type: Slim Cup Size: 75D Additional information Includes detailed personality report & programming codes.
'sudo make me a sandwich' didn't work. Am I supposed to press 'menu' then 'function'?
Session prices: Contact supplier
Picture features a restrained woman with a 'Juliet' Illuminati tatoo's having sex My tineye and google-fu alas didn't fine a source match on any sub image.
Human Hunting Expedition Contact price $100 000
I don't know, let me call my human hunting guy, I can only go as high as 5 bucks
Package details Expeditions information Type: Solo + Group arrangements Duration: Day trip Sessions: 5 Session time: Negotiable Location: Island near New-Guinea Game: Included Weapons: Ranged only - not included Trophies: Allowed
Do I get a participation ribbon then?
Additional information Comes through email. Session prices: Contact supplier
But I thought I already paid for 5 sessions? What is the world coming to when micropayment bullshit is coming to my human hunting holiday? I blame EA.
Ordering -- Payment process & information: 1) Email to [email protected] This email should include the following:
Payees bitcoin address
2) Make your Bitcoin payments to: 1Apt7L5vRVnbatMCiELcn8yvUj7z3w
Most Bitcoin addresses are 34 characters. They consist of random digits and uppercase and lowercase letters, with the exception that the uppercase letter "O", uppercase letter "I", lowercase letter "l", and the number "0" are never used to prevent visual ambiguity. Some Bitcoin addresses can be shorter than 34 characters (as few as 26) and still be valid. A significant percentage of Bitcoin addresses are only 33 characters, and some addresses may be even shorter
It's not a valid wallet. To finish up
Please use a separate sending & receiving email address Please pay from a single bitcoin address
About Dark Desires We provide digital contact information only. Our offers have limited availability. We update once a month (Last update: Sept. 2015) All further business inquiries go directly via supplier.
The original filename was 'Deepweb_MKULTRA_HumanHunting.png', a reference to the CIA mind control program. Now, it's always a sign that you've gone to crazy town when you're dealing with such a Conspiracy Kitchen Sink when you have to have:
Humans being hunted for sport
The activity being sold on the dark web for bitcoin
~~~~ Mini Einsteinium Team Update ~~~~ VOTE FOR EINSTEINIUM ON CRYPTSY.COM Yes that's right - Cryptsy now also have voting We strongly feel that being listed on both http://coinmarketcap.com/ and http://www.coinwarz.com/cryptocurrency would be hugely beneficial in getting the word out about Einsteinium to the wider alt community to do this we need to be listed on a major exchange - Cryptsy is one of those exchanges! Vote here: https://www.cryptsy.com/coinvotes/ (you have to be a Cryptsy memebr to vote) If you have even the smallest amount of BTC to spare send it here: 1DpJn1CdytHXfzCdg4kXXe3vNDZmJqh48D 0.0002 BTC = 1 Vote for Einsteinium http://einsteinium.org The Einsteinium Foundation proudly announce: Einsteinium: Launched 1st March 2014, 6pm GMT Current Epoch: 1 DOWNLOADS: Windows: https://mega.co.nz/#!PJQ03SjC!mXhRbX8lLiiYbhd8FMal4kwDZdND8luzTClZ_er6db4 Mac OSX: https://mega.co.nz/#!CNwCzYoL!cOmoUA82qmaSJ_mUribCWozBnDj0vYaP3VhxIzl5-KM Source Code: https://github.com/einsteinium/einsteinium About the Einsteinium Foundation The Einsteinium Foundation was created to help, in any small way it can, raise funding for cutting edge scientific research. To this aim we created Einsteinium, a new cryptocurrency (similar to Bitcoin), to gather funds that can be distributed to projects the community chooses. Combined with donations from the community at large we will help fund some of the most innovative projects currently under-way or help seed those waiting to start. The Goals The principle task of the Foundation will be organize the selection and distribution of the Einsteinium Fund that is collected each month from the community mining the Coin and direct donations the Fund. Each month a small selection of projects we the Foundation think are worthy of support will be collated together with suggestions from you the community. Voting will be held during the last few days of each month, the winner of the poll is selected and the funds passed over. There will be no restrictions as to who is eligible for inclusion in the monthly selection for voting, the only criteria is that the science involved is pushing our understanding forward and could build us a better, safer and more interesting future. From simple Kickstarter project to the Gates Foundations effort against Malaria, if between the Einsteinium community and the Foundation we reach consensus that the project is worthy we will send the funds. Details and Special Rewards When a Wormhole is good for you. Epochs The mining of Einsteinium is divided into Epochs, each Epoch is 36000 blocks long and is targeted to last 25 days. The Proof of Work mining of Einsteinium will last 730 Epochs. Wormhole Events: During every Epoch from the start of mining through to Year 10 a random Wormhole Event will occur. A Wormhole Event is 180 blocks long with a reward of 2970 Einsteinium per block. This is a fixed value reward irrespective of the current block reward and replaces the standard reward for that block. A Wormhole Event is randomly generated and can start at any time during an Epoch, but will ALWAYS be 180 blocks long. Continued appeal As we move past 25th Epoch the Wormhole Events, in conjunction with the rising value of Einsteinium, will be a substantial incentive for smaller miners to continue mining. With a reward of hundreds of times the standard block value up for grabs you won’t want to miss a Wormhole Event And Remember! With every block mined we are funding the future! Einsteinium Foundation Fund Wallet address: EKnqTC9XEuucZEhD3miDGnbJxBptcxhByA Fair Launch No pre-announcement, everyone has a fair chance to solo mine NO pre-mine Kimoto Gravity Well implemented from block 1 Starting reward lasts for 50 days Exchanges https://www.allcoin.com/trade/emc2_btchttps://pmtocoins.com/index.php?page=trade&market=43https://cryptoex.cc/market/emc2_btchttps://www.cryptoaltex.com/index.php?page=trade&market=12 Profit calculator / difficulty graph http://sancrypto.info/index/show/EMC2/ Pools (please use all the pools) http://emc2.coins4everyone.comhttps://emc2.suprnova.cchttps://emc.maxminers.nethttp://emc.hashrapid.comhttp://emc2.poolnetwork.org (0%) http://emc2.mateloft.comhttp://emc2.botpool.nethttp://emc2.poolprefecture.com (0%) http://emc2.pitythepool.comhttp://emc2.gr2pool.eu:24007/static (work in progress) http://emc2.mainpy.comhttp://emc2.cryptopools.comhttp://emc2.crunchharder.nethttp://emc2.lifeforce.info (0%) The stratum implementation for EMC2 differs slightly due to our donation/block system. Any pool owners wishing to set up a pool for EMC2 may want to review this code first. https://github.com/einsteinium/EMC2-Stratum-Mining Pool owners please contact us if you wish to be listed as an approved pool in this thread and on the official web site. Block explorers http://cryptexplorer.com/chain/Einsteinium Faucetshttp://coinrush.pl/emc2/http://coinok.pw/faucet/emc2 Official Faucet Coming Soon Block 1 Block 1 is a little larger than the rest of the blocks from Epoch 1 & 2 at 10747. this is to eliminate the need for pesky decimal points in the Wormhole Event blocks. We were really geeky and set the total number of Einsteinium to be equal to the speed of light in m/sec (in a vacuum!). Unfortunately that particular universal constant didn't play along when we divided it down so, mildly OCD that we are, we preferred a Wormhole block to be 2973 instead of 2973.4blahblahblahblahblah!. To be honest my OCD wanted to plump with 2970, but that would have made block 1 WAY to big. Bounties None currently Press & News Articleshttp://coinappeal.com/einsteinium-coin-for-science/ ...and Finally Einsteinium is a cryptocurrency aimed at supporting and funding scientific research, all the automatic donations will be distributed to mutually agreed upon projects and the very small 0.5% gathered for faucets and give-aways won't be spent buying onto exchanges or paying out spurious bounties. Every single ECM2 we spend or give away will be very carefully considered, it will be used to spread the word and build the community, it won't be frittered away on bribes or on something we can do ourselves. And don't worry, if we build this community together and make it strong we WILL get listed on the exchanges! The Einsteinium Launch Team are listening and active on this thread, if you have ANY questions please ask. Please be as courteous as you can to your fellow community members and to us, the Einsteinium team. Please be aware that the majority of the team are located in the UK (GMT+0) so responses to your questions may be slower between 1am & 6am GMT - we have to sleep sometime! ~~~~ The Latest Einsteinium Team Update ~~~~ 4th March 2014 - 10pm GMT We have just turned 3 days old! Time to burp us and change the nappy That’s right Einsteinium is JUST 3 days old, and yet we already find ourselves listed on 2 exchanges, a third, www.Lazycoins.com, will be listing EMC2 from the outset. We have twelve pools, two faucets which we, and you the community, are keeping stocked, plus a block explorer. As I write this the network is at 1.33GH/s there have been 5626 blocks mined totalling 5,761,024 EMC2 in circulation. EMC2 is bouncing between 400 and 1400 sat on the exchanges, even if the volume is low, which considering the turmoil the alt markets have been seeing over the past few weeks we see as a major achievement. But we know that EMC2 is worthy of a higher price and are confident that when listed on an exchange with larger volume we will see the price start to climb towards our short term target. So, please keep voting for us on Cryptorush and Mintpal! https://cryptorush.in/index.php?p=votehttps://www.mintpal.com/voting We also strongly feel that being listed on both http://coinmarketcap.com/ and http://www.coinwarz.com/cryptocurrency would be hugely beneficial in getting the word out about Einsteinium to the wider alt community, therefore, if you are member of any of their required exchanges please hit them up and request that they list EMC2/BTC. BTC-e - Crypsty - CoinEx - Coins-E - Bter - Vircurex - CoinMarket.io - Crypto-Trade.com - CoinedUp - mcxNow Down To Business We are growing the team! We would like to welcome on board the first member of the community to join the Einsteinium Team; Kreativekrypto We will be reaching out over the next 24 hours to one or two other members on this thread to enquire if they would like to get more deeply involved – keep an eye on you PM inbox Smiley Android Wallet We have an Android wallet in progress for Einsteinium, it’s not far off so we’ll keep you posted on the progress. Press Recognition We are reaching out to a number of blogs and traditional media in an effort to raise awareness of Einsteinium, Crypto blogs are an obvious first port of call and hopefully you’ll be seeing the Press & Article section of the OP start to fill up nicely. We are not stopping there though, we are casting the net further afield and contacting science and technology media as well. If anyone has a direct line to a blogger or journalist please point them here and the foundation website and have them reach out to [email protected] – it’s not what you know it’s who you know! Reddit and Twitter Kreativekrypto will be leading our Reddit and Twitter initiatives. With the team still currently low on numbers we’ll be starting off with moderate sized competitions, but expect them to grow over time. The Funds There is a very interesting concept we are testing internally with regards to the Einsteinium Foundation Fund. If it pans out as we hope you’ll all be the first to know Cheesy Transparency We will be publishing the main fund wallet address very soon and that will be followed by a public ledger of transactions. DONE! ...AND Please, Please, Please send us some suggestions for science related projects that you feel are worthy of support by the Einsteinium Foundation. Leave your ideas here or contact us through the web site www.einsteinium.org. We have selected four to get things rolling, you can see them here: http://einsteinium.org/nominations/ THIS is heart and soul of Einsteinium, we want the funding to be as democratic and inclusive as we can possibly make it – get nominating! Together we are funding the future with the future of currency! We NEED Your Feedback As you will no doubt be aware because of the block halving the collection for the coin promotion fund is weighted towards the first 3 years of mining. However, we have been working with figures that spread the promotion fund equally over the first 10 years of the coins life. That gives us a little under 7000 EMC2 each Epoch to spend on promotions and give-aways. Now, that puts us in a quandary, there is ECM2 in the pot to achieve certain goals in the very short term, purchase 'votes' to get on cryptorush or Mintpal, pay for advertising and hire marketers. However that would leave the promotion fund much shorter in numbers of EMC2 in years to come, for example it would take around 250,000 ECM2 to buy sufficient ‘votes’ to get us listed on Cryptorush, a site we are confident that we will be listed on organically over time. Of course the counter-point to this argument is that in years to come the value of EMC2 will be significantly higher. So we open it up to the community. Do we spent now or ensure that there are promotion funds for many years to come? Thank You. The Einsteinium Team
Bitcoin Core 0.10.0 released | Wladimir | Feb 16 2015
Wladimir on Feb 16 2015: Bitcoin Core version 0.10.0 is now available from: https://bitcoin.org/bin/0.10.0/ This is a new major version release, bringing both new features and bug fixes. Please report bugs using the issue tracker at github: https://github.com/bitcoin/bitcoin/issues The whole distribution is also available as torrent: https://bitcoin.org/bin/0.10.0/bitcoin-0.10.0.torrent magnet:?xt=urn:btih:170c61fe09dafecfbb97cb4dccd32173383f4e68&dn;=0.10.0&tr;=udp%3A%2F%2Ftracker.openbittorrent.com%3A80%2Fannounce&tr;=udp%3A%2F%2Ftracker.publicbt.com%3A80%2Fannounce&tr;=udp%3A%2F%2Ftracker.ccc.de%3A80%2Fannounce&tr;=udp%3A%2F%2Ftracker.coppersurfer.tk%3A6969&tr;=udp%3A%2F%2Fopen.demonii.com%3A1337&ws;=https%3A%2F%2Fbitcoin.org%2Fbin%2F Upgrading and downgrading How to Upgrade If you are running an older version, shut it down. Wait until it has completely shut down (which might take a few minutes for older versions), then run the installer (on Windows) or just copy over /Applications/Bitcoin-Qt (on Mac) or bitcoind/bitcoin-qt (on Linux). Downgrading warning Because release 0.10.0 makes use of headers-first synchronization and parallel block download (see further), the block files and databases are not backwards-compatible with older versions of Bitcoin Core or other software:
Blocks will be stored on disk out of order (in the order they are
received, really), which makes it incompatible with some tools or other programs. Reindexing using earlier versions will also not work anymore as a result of this.
The block index database will now hold headers for which no block is
stored on disk, which earlier versions won't support. If you want to be able to downgrade smoothly, make a backup of your entire data directory. Without this your node will need start syncing (or importing from bootstrap.dat) anew afterwards. It is possible that the data from a completely synchronised 0.10 node may be usable in older versions as-is, but this is not supported and may break as soon as the older version attempts to reindex. This does not affect wallet forward or backward compatibility. Notable changes Faster synchronization Bitcoin Core now uses 'headers-first synchronization'. This means that we first ask peers for block headers (a total of 27 megabytes, as of December 2014) and validate those. In a second stage, when the headers have been discovered, we download the blocks. However, as we already know about the whole chain in advance, the blocks can be downloaded in parallel from all available peers. In practice, this means a much faster and more robust synchronization. On recent hardware with a decent network link, it can be as little as 3 hours for an initial full synchronization. You may notice a slower progress in the very first few minutes, when headers are still being fetched and verified, but it should gain speed afterwards. A few RPCs were added/updated as a result of this:
getblockchaininfo now returns the number of validated headers in addition to
the number of validated blocks.
getpeerinfo lists both the number of blocks and headers we know we have in
common with each peer. While synchronizing, the heights of the blocks that we have requested from peers (but haven't received yet) are also listed as 'inflight'.
A new RPC getchaintips lists all known branches of the block chain,
including those we only have headers for. Transaction fee changes This release automatically estimates how high a transaction fee (or how high a priority) transactions require to be confirmed quickly. The default settings will create transactions that confirm quickly; see the new 'txconfirmtarget' setting to control the tradeoff between fees and confirmation times. Fees are added by default unless the 'sendfreetransactions' setting is enabled. Prior releases used hard-coded fees (and priorities), and would sometimes create transactions that took a very long time to confirm. Statistics used to estimate fees and priorities are saved in the data directory in the fee_estimates.dat file just before program shutdown, and are read in at startup. New command line options for transaction fee changes:
-txconfirmtarget=n : create transactions that have enough fees (or priority)
so they are likely to begin confirmation within n blocks (default: 1). This setting is over-ridden by the -paytxfee option.
-sendfreetransactions : Send transactions as zero-fee transactions if possible
(default: 0) New RPC commands for fee estimation:
estimatefee nblocks : Returns approximate fee-per-1,000-bytes needed for
a transaction to begin confirmation within nblocks. Returns -1 if not enough transactions have been observed to compute a good estimate.
estimatepriority nblocks : Returns approximate priority needed for
a zero-fee transaction to begin confirmation within nblocks. Returns -1 if not enough free transactions have been observed to compute a good estimate. RPC access control changes Subnet matching for the purpose of access control is now done by matching the binary network address, instead of with string wildcard matching. For the user this means that -rpcallowip takes a subnet specification, which can be
a single IP address (e.g. 184.108.40.206 or fe80::0012:3456:789a:bcde)
a network/CIDR (e.g. 220.127.116.11/24 or fe80::0000/64)
a network/netmask (e.g. 18.104.22.168/255.255.255.0 or fe80::0012:3456:789a:bcde/ffff:ffff:ffff:ffff:ffff:ffff:ffff:ffff)
An arbitrary number of -rpcallow arguments can be given. An incoming connection will be accepted if its origin address matches one of them. For example: | 0.9.x and before | 0.10.x | |--------------------------------------------|---------------------------------------| | -rpcallowip=192.168.1.1 | -rpcallowip=192.168.1.1 (unchanged) | | -rpcallowip=192.168.1.* | -rpcallowip=192.168.1.0/24 | | -rpcallowip=192.168.* | -rpcallowip=192.168.0.0/16 | | -rpcallowip=* (dangerous!) | -rpcallowip=::/0 (still dangerous!) | Using wildcards will result in the rule being rejected with the following error in debug.log:
Error: Invalid -rpcallowip subnet specification: *. Valid are a single IP (e.g. 22.214.171.124), a network/netmask (e.g. 126.96.36.199/255.255.255.0) or a network/CIDR (e.g. 188.8.131.52/24).
REST interface A new HTTP API is exposed when running with the -rest flag, which allows unauthenticated access to public node data. It is served on the same port as RPC, but does not need a password, and uses plain HTTP instead of JSON-RPC. Assuming a local RPC server running on port 8332, it is possible to request:
In every case, EXT can be bin (for raw binary data), hex (for hex-encoded binary) or json. For more details, see the doc/REST-interface.md document in the repository. RPC Server "Warm-Up" Mode The RPC server is started earlier now, before most of the expensive intialisations like loading the block index. It is available now almost immediately after starting the process. However, until all initialisations are done, it always returns an immediate error with code -28 to all calls. This new behaviour can be useful for clients to know that a server is already started and will be available soon (for instance, so that they do not have to start it themselves). Improved signing security For 0.10 the security of signing against unusual attacks has been improved by making the signatures constant time and deterministic. This change is a result of switching signing to use libsecp256k1 instead of OpenSSL. Libsecp256k1 is a cryptographic library optimized for the curve Bitcoin uses which was created by Bitcoin Core developer Pieter Wuille. There exist attacks against most ECC implementations where an attacker on shared virtual machine hardware could extract a private key if they could cause a target to sign using the same key hundreds of times. While using shared hosts and reusing keys are inadvisable for other reasons, it's a better practice to avoid the exposure. OpenSSL has code in their source repository for derandomization and reduction in timing leaks that we've eagerly wanted to use for a long time, but this functionality has still not made its way into a released version of OpenSSL. Libsecp256k1 achieves significantly stronger protection: As far as we're aware this is the only deployed implementation of constant time signing for the curve Bitcoin uses and we have reason to believe that libsecp256k1 is better tested and more thoroughly reviewed than the implementation in OpenSSL.  https://eprint.iacr.org/2014/161.pdf Watch-only wallet support The wallet can now track transactions to and from wallets for which you know all addresses (or scripts), even without the private keys. This can be used to track payments without needing the private keys online on a possibly vulnerable system. In addition, it can help for (manual) construction of multisig transactions where you are only one of the signers. One new RPC, importaddress, is added which functions similarly to importprivkey, but instead takes an address or script (in hexadecimal) as argument. After using it, outputs credited to this address or script are considered to be received, and transactions consuming these outputs will be considered to be sent. The following RPCs have optional support for watch-only: getbalance, listreceivedbyaddress, listreceivedbyaccount, listtransactions, listaccounts, listsinceblock, gettransaction. See the RPC documentation for those methods for more information. Compared to using getrawtransaction, this mechanism does not require -txindex, scales better, integrates better with the wallet, and is compatible with future block chain pruning functionality. It does mean that all relevant addresses need to added to the wallet before the payment, though. Consensus library Starting from 0.10.0, the Bitcoin Core distribution includes a consensus library. The purpose of this library is to make the verification functionality that is critical to Bitcoin's consensus available to other applications, e.g. to language bindings such as [python-bitcoinlib](https://pypi.python.org/pypi/python-bitcoinlib) or alternative node implementations. This library is called libbitcoinconsensus.so (or, .dll for Windows). Its interface is defined in the C header [bitcoinconsensus.h](https://github.com/bitcoin/bitcoin/blob/0.10/src/script/bitcoinconsensus.h). In its initial version the API includes two functions:
bitcoinconsensus_verify_script verifies a script. It returns whether the indicated input of the provided serialized transaction
correctly spends the passed scriptPubKey under additional constraints indicated by flags
bitcoinconsensus_version returns the API version, currently at an experimental 0
The functionality is planned to be extended to e.g. UTXO management in upcoming releases, but the interface for existing methods should remain stable. Standard script rules relaxed for P2SH addresses The IsStandard() rules have been almost completely removed for P2SH redemption scripts, allowing applications to make use of any valid script type, such as "n-of-m OR y", hash-locked oracle addresses, etc. While the Bitcoin protocol has always supported these types of script, actually using them on mainnet has been previously inconvenient as standard Bitcoin Core nodes wouldn't relay them to miners, nor would most miners include them in blocks they mined. bitcoin-tx It has been observed that many of the RPC functions offered by bitcoind are "pure functions", and operate independently of the bitcoind wallet. This included many of the RPC "raw transaction" API functions, such as createrawtransaction. bitcoin-tx is a newly introduced command line utility designed to enable easy manipulation of bitcoin transactions. A summary of its operation may be obtained via "bitcoin-tx --help" Transactions may be created or signed in a manner similar to the RPC raw tx API. Transactions may be updated, deleting inputs or outputs, or appending new inputs and outputs. Custom scripts may be easily composed using a simple text notation, borrowed from the bitcoin test suite. This tool may be used for experimenting with new transaction types, signing multi-party transactions, and many other uses. Long term, the goal is to deprecate and remove "pure function" RPC API calls, as those do not require a server round-trip to execute. Other utilities "bitcoin-key" and "bitcoin-script" have been proposed, making key and script operations easily accessible via command line. Mining and relay policy enhancements Bitcoin Core's block templates are now for version 3 blocks only, and any mining software relying on its getblocktemplate must be updated in parallel to use libblkmaker either version 0.4.2 or any version from 0.5.1 onward. If you are solo mining, this will affect you the moment you upgrade Bitcoin Core, which must be done prior to BIP66 achieving its 951/1001 status. If you are mining with the stratum mining protocol: this does not affect you. If you are mining with the getblocktemplate protocol to a pool: this will affect you at the pool operator's discretion, which must be no later than BIP66 achieving its 951/1001 status. The prioritisetransaction RPC method has been added to enable miners to manipulate the priority of transactions on an individual basis. Bitcoin Core now supports BIP 22 long polling, so mining software can be notified immediately of new templates rather than having to poll periodically. Support for BIP 23 block proposals is now available in Bitcoin Core's getblocktemplate method. This enables miners to check the basic validity of their next block before expending work on it, reducing risks of accidental hardforks or mining invalid blocks. Two new options to control mining policy:
-datacarrier=0/1 : Relay and mine "data carrier" (OP_RETURN) transactions
if this is 1.
-datacarriersize=n : Maximum size, in bytes, we consider acceptable for
"data carrier" outputs. The relay policy has changed to more properly implement the desired behavior of not relaying free (or very low fee) transactions unless they have a priority above the AllowFreeThreshold(), in which case they are relayed subject to the rate limiter. BIP 66: strict DER encoding for signatures Bitcoin Core 0.10 implements BIP 66, which introduces block version 3, and a new consensus rule, which prohibits non-DER signatures. Such transactions have been non-standard since Bitcoin v0.8.0 (released in February 2013), but were technically still permitted inside blocks. This change breaks the dependency on OpenSSL's signature parsing, and is required if implementations would want to remove all of OpenSSL from the consensus code. The same miner-voting mechanism as in BIP 34 is used: when 751 out of a sequence of 1001 blocks have version number 3 or higher, the new consensus rule becomes active for those blocks. When 951 out of a sequence of 1001 blocks have version number 3 or higher, it becomes mandatory for all blocks. Backward compatibility with current mining software is NOT provided, thus miners should read the first paragraph of "Mining and relay policy enhancements" above. 0.10.0 Change log Detailed release notes follow. This overview includes changes that affect external behavior, not code moves, refactors or string updates. RPC:
f923c07 Support IPv6 lookup in bitcoin-cli even when IPv6 only bound on localhost
b641c9c Fix addnode "onetry": Connect with OpenNetworkConnection
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